The history of Geraldton began some 40,000 years ago when various Aboriginal tribes lived in the area. Geraldton is located on Champion Bay, 424km north of Perth, Western Australia and has become a popular seaside resort town for the wheat farmers of the Central-West region.
In 1839, George Grey became the first recorded European to explore the region. Grey, returning back on foot to Fremantle (from Shark Bay) after a disastrous expedition to the North-West Cape of Western Australia, made note of the fertile land. This stimulated other Swan River colonists to make brief journeys by ship to the area but many viewed the land as too dry.
In 1846 two exploration parties were sent out, one led by John Septimus Roe and the other led by explorer and surveyor, Augustus Gregory (and his brother). Gregory returned with glowing reports of good pastoral land and coal deposits in the mid-west coastal region.